How do solar panels work?

Knowing how solar panels work can provide us with a great opportunity to learn about the benefits and advantages of their domestic uses. Not only does it allow us to save on the cost of light but it also reduces the cost of transporting energy and the impact generated on the environment by being consumed at the same point where it is produced.

The solar panels on homes have become popular as an environmentally friendly and cheaper to get electricity in our house or industry bet. In addition, at present its uses are still being studied and its operation is increasingly efficient.

Solar energy at home used to be commonly implemented to generate heating or to power equipment to produce domestic hot water (DHW). However, constant innovation in its domestic and industrial operation provides solutions to a society in which more and more electrical energy is demanded, but with a global and ecological awareness that is more committed to the environment.

However, if this is your first contact with solar energy, you will surely be interested in knowing how solar panels work and how they produce energy. That is why, in this post, we will tell you about its operation, the benefits provided by these plates and how to maximize the performance of your photovoltaic solar installation.

solar panels

What are solar panels?

Before knowing how solar panels work, we have to know that these elements can be found with different names. In some cases, they are called solar panels or photovoltaic panels but they fulfill the same important function: transforming the Sun’s energy into conventional electricity. To achieve this, they need the operation of some add-ons that we will mention later.

Solar panels or panels are composed of photovoltaic cells or cells capture the Sun’s energy to transform it into electrical current. Today its installation has been considerably simplified, and its benefits and advantages can be applied both in the residential and business sectors. All this is due to how solar panels work today and the innovations developed in recent years.

How does the solar panels work?

As we have mentioned, the sun’s radiation is captured by the photovoltaic cells installed in the panel. But what are these cells made of? They are very thin circular layers of superimposed silicon that are connected to each other, occupying the largest possible surface of the solar panels. How do we get electrical energy from sunlight? The sun’s rays are made up of photons, small energy particles that, when hitting the photovoltaic plates, transfer their energy to the silicon atoms. When the silicon releases that energy, it generates voltage and an electrical current is created within the cell.

This electric current will be converted into optimal energy for our consumption, being greater the greater the intensity of solar radiation. Thus, our photovoltaic installation will produce more energy on days when the Sun shines brightest and for longer.

Currently, having a solar panel installation at home or in your company can be profitable. In addition, while these types of projects require planning, their installation time has been significantly reduced. In fact, there are currently some developed countries that not only have these systems, but also promote their use for energy management in the country. This is so thanks to the fact that photovoltaic solar energy is one of the most complete technologies within the renewable energy group.

What are the uses of solar energy at home?

To know the applications of solar panels, you must first know their operation depending on the type of panel installed. That is why here we will talk about the two main groups of panels based on how they transform the energy from the Sun:

  • Thermal plates
    It does not produce electrical energy even though it takes advantage of solar radiation. They are installed in homes as heat collectors from solar radiation for the production of sanitary hot water. Also, they can be used for domestic heating, as long as various details are coordinated in the installation.
  • Photovoltaic plates
    They work with two charges, one positive and one negative, and transform the sun’s energy into electrical energy. Its implementation is becoming more and more demanded in all sectors and it is intended that they will be extended even more in the coming years, thanks, among other factors, to the possibility of installing an energy storage system for the night.

At Sunface solar we believe in the potential of photovoltaic solar technology and in the short, medium and long term benefits that its applications offer.

Solar panels and their operation in commercial areas

Knowing how solar panels work allows us to know more about the performance of these alternatives. Without a doubt, they have the ability to generate a good amount of electrical energy with the consequent economic savings that this entails.

Thus, buildings such as hotels or hospitals are implementing this technology as an alternative energy source to cover a large part of their energy consumption from the conventional electrical network. Its development has made this technology a firm commitment to self-consumption that will generate even more confidence in the coming years.

Likewise, just as solar thermal energy is one of the most used for the production of ACS, photovoltaic solar energy provides renewable electricity for the supply of boilers and electric water heaters, thus seeing its applications expanded both at the residential level and at the level industrial.

We offer you excellent prices on solar panel installation

Now that you know how solar panels work and their benefits, you will surely want to know the advantages that your own installation can bring you.

At Sunface solar, we offer you a completely personalized service to your needs, seeking to maximize the savings on your electricity bill.

We have the best value for money on the market for your solar panel installation. Do not hesitate to contact us if you need any clarification on how solar panels work. We are waiting for you!

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Lisa Hoar

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